Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Review: The Varieties of Religious Experience

The Varieties of Religious Experience
The Varieties of Religious Experience by William James

My rating: 5 of 5 stars

James's Gifford Lectures on the varieties of religious experience are an insightful and delightful examination of, to use a paraphrase of his own terminology, what is most important about the human experience. Every page is filled with insight into the human condition that we all can and should take seriously and apply. I cannot recommend this book enough.

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Sunday, July 1, 2012

Review: The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century

The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century
The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century by Thomas L. Friedman

My rating: 3 of 5 stars

While the ideas that are presented in the first half of this book are interesting, most of the first half reads like newspaper-style reporting but drawn out so that it fits the length requirements of a book (almost as if a newspaper columnist were writing a book -- which, of course, is exactly what has happened here). I was also a little irritated by the wide-eyed marveling on every other page; as this continued on and on, Friedman sounded more and more like the stereotypical old man who is amazed by the technology his children and grandchildren use. This, of course, made it ever more difficult to take him seriously.

The second half of the book, however, is much better. If you can bear through the first half, the second is a real treat in many ways as Friedman both, I think, correctly diagnoses many of the problems with the "flat word" and offers us very good advice in how to remedy them.

Overall, the book is a worthwhile, even if sometimes obnoxious, read.

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A defense of atheism

Atheism is a religion

Get experienced

What is the Bible?

Boldly sing the praises of poverty

Among us English-speaking peoples especially do the praises of poverty need once more to be boldly sung. We have grown literally afraid to be poor. We despise any one who elects to be poor in order to simplify and save his inner life. If he does not join the general scramble and pant with the money-making street, we deem him spiritless and lacking in ambition. We have lost the power even of imagining what the ancient idealization of poverty could have meant: the liberation from material attachments, the unbribed soul, the manlier indifference, the paying our way by what we are or do and not by what we have, the right to fling away our life at any moment irresponsibly—the more athletic trim, in short, the moral fighting shape. When we of the so-called better classes are scared as men were never scared in history at material ugliness and hardship; when we put off marriage until our house can be artistic, and quake at the thought of having a child without a bank-account and doomed to manual labor, it is time for thinking men to protest against so unmanly and irreligious a state of opinion.

It is true that so far as wealth gives time for ideal ends and exercise to ideal energies, wealth is better than poverty and ought to be chosen. But wealth does this in only a portion of the actual cases. Elsewhere the desire to gain wealth and the fear to lose it are our chief breeders of cowardice and propagators of corruption. There are thousands of conjunctures in which a wealth-bound man must be a slave, whilst a man for whom poverty has no terrors becomes a freeman. Think of the strength which personal indifference to poverty would give us if we were devoted to unpopular causes. We need no longer hold our tongues or fear to vote the revolutionary or reformatory ticket. Our stocks might fall, our hopes of promotion vanish, our salaries stop, our club doors close in our faces; yet, while we lived, we would imperturbably bear witness to the spirit, and our example would help to set free our generation. The cause would need its funds, but we its servants would be potent in proportion as we personally were contented with our poverty.

I recommend this matter to your serious pondering, for it is certain that the prevalent fear of poverty among the educated classes is the worst moral disease from which our civilization suffers.

William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Lectures XIV and XV: The Value of Saintliness